Does child labor still exist in India?
Children are the future of our India, Not only the nation but the future of the world lies amidst them. These are the strong pillars of our coming generation but in this present day. Many children are unable to go to school or work instead of playing so that they can arrange two days of bread. Children working in this way is a matter of concern for the whole world. Learn at school and at the age of playing, many children are forced to work for two days’ bread.
Therefore, World Day Against Child Labor is celebrated every year on 12 June.
Main objective of Child Labor Prohibition Day
The main objective of Child Labor Prohibition Day is to make people under 14 years of age not to labor and to educate them.
World Child Labor Prohibition Day was started in the year 2002 by the International Labor Organization. It is a day that gives children from all over the world an opportunity to lead a dignified life. And at the same time urges the need to fight against child labor happening in the world and to create an environment that suits them. Children probably do not even know what is being done to them. By the time they get to know about it, their innocence is destroyed.
World Day Against Child Labour Importance-:
Poverty is a major cause of child labor in the world, forcing most children to leave their schools and their children. These children choose minimum jobs as an option for their livelihood, to support their parents. Besides, children are forced to do child labor by some organized crime groups.
These children are also victims of various forms of torture. Many times these children are also sexually abused.
Many children in the age group of 5 to 17 are engaged in such work. All those tasks which deprive them of a normal childhood, such as adequate education, proper health care, a complete diet, sports are deprived.
International Labor Organization (ILO)
In 2002, the International Labor Organization (ILO), a United Nations body that controls the labor organization, launched the World Day Against Child Labor for this reason.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, World Child Labor Prohibition Day is being celebrated this year through a virtual campaign. The Virtual Campaign includes the Global March Against Child Labor and the International Partnership for Cooperation in Child Labor. Will be organized under the joint aegis of the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labor in Agriculture, IPCCLA.
Like every year, the force has set a theme of Labor Prohibition Day. As the whole world is going through a crisis of the corona epidemic this time. This epidemic has had a profound impact on the lives of all. An emergency has arisen all over the world, due to which life has been greatly affected. At the same time it has had a profound impact on child labor. Based on this, the year’s theme is Covid-19 Impact of Crisis on Chide Labor.
World Day Against Child Labour Theme 2020-:
The theme of World Child Labor Prohibition Day 2019 was “Children caring work in fields, but on dreams”. The focus is on the development of children working in agriculture across the world. About 152 million children are still in child labor. And it has been said that child labor exists in almost every region. But seven out of every ten children are employed in agriculture.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) celebrated 100 years in 2019 to promote social justice.And decent work for children through World Child Labor Prohibition Day.
Child Labor Prohibition Day in India-:
Child labor is widespread in India. In India, people living below the poverty line and below tend to put their children in the fields since childhood. Due to poverty, children start working in small shops to earn their livelihood. Children are also trafficked for child labor (World Day Against Child Labor 2020) in India. Many such organizations, such as sex rackets, terrorist groups, etc. seduce children with them.
To prevent this, the central and state governments take concrete steps. To prevent such incidents, the First Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act were passed in 1986. Under this act, laboring children below 14 years of age was made illegal.
With this, Article 23 of the Indian Constitution does not allow children to work in hazardous industries and factories. Whereas under Section 45, it has been made mandatory for all states of the country to provide free education to children below 14 years.
Many types of self-help groups are also engaged in these works for the overall development of children.
Current data related to child labor-:
Today, there are 215 million children worldwide who are under 14 years of age, and their whole time is not spent in schools and friends but in hotels, houses, industries, utensils, brooms, and tools.
This situation has become very frightening in India.
India has the largest number of child laborers in whole world.
According to the 1991 census, the figure of child laborers was 11.3 million. The figure rose to 12.7 million in 2001.
Every child is important for bright future of the whole world-:
Child Labor Prohibition Day primarily focuses on the development of children. And it protects the right to education and dignified life for children. Therefore, it has become important to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030 as promoted by the United Nations.
Many organizations, ILOs, etc. are trying to control child labor. But all of us should also be responsible and perform our duties to help eliminate child labor. It is rightly said that a youth originating from child labor shows his / her ability and self-worth. There is no doubt that such children will also contribute to the economy. And social advancement of the country and the world. All children are the future of the country.